OpenVPN

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Contents

1 Introduction

  • OpenVPN is an open-source software application that implements VPN based on SSL. These two modules can setup OpenVPN tunnels in WFilter NG Firewall.
    • OpenVPN Server: provide VPN service for remote access and site-to-site VPN server.
    • OpenVPN Client: VPN client to connect other OpenVPN servers.

2 OpenVPN Server

2.1 Server Settings

  • Auth by: "by certificate" or "by user&pass".
    • Users & Pass(recommended): authenticate by user & password, only "local users" with "VPN" privilege have VPN access.
    • Certificate: authenticate by certificate, client need to import the certificate created by the server.
  • Protocol and port: connection protocol and port, shall be consistent with the client settings.
  • Client Subnet: WFilter's openVPN works in "subnet" mode. In this mode, OpenVPN will setup a new subnet, which can not same as existing LAN subnets.
  • Push Route: The subnets will be pushed to clients routing table, so client can access server's subnets. For example: route 192.168.126.0 255.255.255.0
  • Auth Type:
    • "Local Auth": authenticate with username and password of local accounts. Only "local users" with "VPN" priviledge have VPN access.
    • "Email Auth": send credentials to a pop/imap email server for authentication.
    • "Ldap Auth": send credentials to a ldap server for authentication.
    • "Radius Auth": send credentials to a remote radius server for authentication.


Openvpn settings1.png

2.2 Client Subnets

  • "Client Subnets" defines client subnets for site-to-site VPN.
  • "Client Subnets" defines client subnets for server to access client networks. For example: 192.168.126.0 255.255.255.0
  • For "Client IP", DHCP is enough for most cases. You also can setup a static ip address for a client, so you can configure firewall ACL rules to limit the accessible resources for this ip address.
  • For user & pass authentication clients, the client id shall be client username.
  • For certificate authentication clients, you need to download and import the client certificate in client side.

Openvpn serverclient.png

2.3 CA Certificate

  • CA certificate: the CA certificate which shall be imported into openVPN client directory, you can click "Replace" to generate a new certificate.

Openvpn settings2.png

3 OpenVPN Client

OpenVPN client can connect to multiple OpenVPN servers.

  • Server ID:unique server ID, alphabet and numeric charactors only.
  • Remote server: remote openvpn server domains or IP addresses. You can have multiple remote entries for load balance between servers. One server per line.
  • Protocol and port.
  • Proxy: connect to remote proxy OpenVPN server via a HTTP proxy.
  • Auth Type:
    • User & Pass: Authenticate by username and password.
    • Certificate: Authenticate by certificate files created in server.

Openvpn clientsettings1.png

  • CA Certificate

You can check and import CA certificate. A client shall have the server's CA to establish a SSL connection.

Openvpn clientsettings2.png

4 Windows Clients

Openvpn exportconfig.png

4.1 User&Pass Clients

  • Download the config file into the config directory of openvpn, with file content format:
client
dev tun
proto udp                   #Connection protocol, same as the server settings.
remote 192.168.1.246 1194   #Server IP(domain) and port
nobind
persist-key
persist-tun
ca ca.crt                   #ca.crt filename, same directory with the myvpn.ovpn
verb 3
auth-user-pass              #auth by username

4.2 Certificate Clients

  • configure file:
client
dev tun
proto udp                   #Connection protocol, same as the server settings.
remote 192.168.1.246 1194   #Server IP(domain) and port
nobind
persist-key
persist-tun
ca ca.crt                   #ca.crt filename, same directory with the myvpn.ovpn
verb 3
cert vpnuser.crt            #Exported client certificate
key vpnuser.key             #Exported client certificate key
  • Now you can launch "OpenVPN GUI" with administrator privilege, input correct username and password to access VPN.

Openvpn winclient01.png

Openvpn winclient02.png

Openvpn winclient03.png

5 Firewall Rules

VPN access to LAN is controlled by firewall rules. For example, if you want to allow vpn access to all LAN clients, you need to add a firewall rule(Interface:WAN, Type: FORWARD, Action: Allow):

  • Example 1, allow VPN users to access all LAN resources:

Openvpn firewall01.png

  • Example 2, allow access to target subnet only:

Openvpn firewall02.png

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